WHAT'S NEW IN INES?
Dateline: February 13, 2003
This is the weekly electronic information service of the International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility
Editor: Tobias Damjanov, e-mail:
WNII is archived at: http://inesglobal.org/archive.htm
INES homepages: http://inesglobal.org http://www.inesglobal.com/
INES International Office
INES Chair: Prof. Armin Tenner [Please note that the first "1" in q18 is the number one, while the last "l" is an "L"]
Dear WNII readers,
This is a WNII Special Issue covering items which I couldn't publish last December and January, when there had not been any WNII editions.
CONTENTS of WNII No. 2/2003
MEMBERSHIP AND PROJECTS' NEWS
USA: Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (NAPF)
The Sunflower, No. 67, December 2002
Back issues: http://www.wagingpeace.org/sf/backissues.html
Events are listed at: http://www.wagingpeace.org/calendar/events_current.html
The December 2002 issue of The Sunflower covers the following:
The Sunflower, February 2003
The February 2003 issue of The Sunflower covers the following:
Pakistan and India: Can Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers Help to Strengthen Peace? an occasional paper of the Henry L. Stimson Center By Colonel Rafi uz Zaman Khan: http://www.stimson.org/southasia/pdf/nrrcsouthasia.pdf
"Waging Peace" Winter 2002 http://www.wagingpeace.org
The Spring 2002 issue (Vol. 12, No. 3) of NAPF's print magazine "Waging Peace" carries the following:
Symposium on International Law & the Quest for Security, 25 October 2002 plus "Program Updates" and "Highlights"
Recent articles by Dr. David Krieger
The following articles are either available from the WNII Editor as an rtf-formatted email attachment, or directly from David Krieger via
Russia: Socio-Ecological Union: "The SEU TIMES" issues
For news in English see: http://www.seu.ru/news_en/npa.php
USA: Project on Defense Alternatives (PDA) of the Commonwealth Institute
Recent global security and US defense policy documents & analysis:
THE US POLICY ON IRAQ
Open Letter to President Bush: War on Iraq? The Worst Remedy for the World 's Grave Problems (published as an advertisement in International Herald Tribune, 7 February 2003)
INES member Prof. Joseph Rotblat, together with two other Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, Rigoberta Menchú and Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, is among the signatories of the following Open Letter to US President Bush, which was also signed by the President and the Secretary-General of the International Peace Bureau, Cora Weiss and Colin Archer:
Going to war, any war, is always a step back. A failure for democracy, development and understanding: a defeat for the whole of humanity!
We have always been for life and against violence, but particularly since 11 September 2001. However, the belligerent attitude of the US towards Iraq threatens the foundations of world co-existence and international law. These are foundations that began to be laid after two world wars and under US leadership precisely to prevent war in the future.
Despite the efforts of the UN and several states to moderate the US tendency towards unilateral action (Security Council Resolution 1441 reopened the path towards a diplomatic solution of the conflict) it appears beyond doubt that, ignoring the results of the UN inspections and the serious objections of many people, institutions and governments all over the world, you are determined to unleash a war against Iraq, one certain to cause even more death, misery and desperation to a people already oppressed, their endurance tested to the very limit.
Despite the disinformation campaigns , the great majority of world public opinion sees no reason for preventive war. Does the US government really believe that it is helping to build a more peaceful and democratic world, a fairer, freer and safer world with disinformation campaigns and preventive wars? Are you deaf to the indignant clamour that rises from all over the planet and from within your own country?
We call on you to your great responsibility before history and to use the enormous resources available to you to help humanity recover its faith in itself as your country has done in the past. Do not help spread the harsh message that only economic interests, linked in this case to oil and the war industry, can move the world's powerful to take action and sow more violence poverty and hate around the world. Respond to these problems in a spirit of solidarity, justice and aid. This is what humanity needs and what it expects.
We continue to share and understand the American people's grief and fear over the tragic events of September 11. But the best way to prevent this pain from being repeated and from spreading, to erase the seed of terrorism from the face of the world is to do the opposite of what your are now doing.. We call on you to take a radical change of direction to build peace, justice and development in the world.
NGOs Seek General Assembly Role In Stopping War (Source: IPS, 3 February 2003)
A coalition of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) is pressing member states for an emergency session of the U.N. General Assembly to try and resolve the ongoing crisis concerning Iraq. The coalition argues that the 15-member Security Council is deadlocked over how to deal with the alleged presence of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in Iraq and says the issue should be turned over to the Assembly. The New York-based Center for Constitutional Rights (*), which is leading the coalition campaign, has written to all 191 member states urging them to meet as soon as possible to consider the threat to international peace arising from the impending war against Iraq.
"If the U.N. Security Council cannot agree on Iraq, the whole issue should logically be moved to the General Assembly, which is a more democratic body," Center President Michael Ratner told IPS on Friday. Ratner said that the 191-member General Assembly, not the 15-member Security Council, really represents the will of the international community. The United States, he charged, is known to cajole, arm-twist and offer economic and military aid to member states in order to get votes in the Security Council. "But how many countries can the United States bribe in the General Assembly?" he asked.
(*) You can reach the Center through its President Michael Ratner: < >
Australian Senate passes Iraq no confidence motion (Source: News agencies, 5 February 2003
On 5 February, the Federal Senate of Australia has passed a motion of no confidence in the Prime Minister's handling of the growing Iraq crisis. The vote was carried 34 to 31 with the support of Labor, the Democrats, the Greens and Independent senators. The Federal Government was also formally censured. It followed an 11-hour debate over Australia's possible involvement in a pre-emptive military strike against Iraq and the forward deployment of troops. The motion declared opposition to a unilateral military attack on Iraq by the United States, insisted the disarmament of Iraq proceed under UN authority and expressed total opposition to any use of nuclear arms.
It was the first time in the 102 year history of the Australian parliament that the upper house has censured a serving prime minister with a vote of no confidence. Howard's conservative Liberal-National government was also censured in the motion, which condemned its decision to deploy troops to the Gulf without reference to parliament and contrary to public opinion.
SPECIAL SECTION ON THE US MISSILE DEFENSE POLICY
Moving Beyond Missile Defense Berlin Conference, 24-26 January 2003 (Source: Organizers ' Press Release, 3 February 2003)
War Is Not the Solution to the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction Disarmament and cooperative security instead of missile defense
Amidst the global crisis centered on weapons of mass destruction (WMD), an international group of scientists and engineers met in Berlin to consider the state of arms control, non-proliferation, and the prospects for disarmament. The International Network of Engineers and Scientists Against Proliferation (INESAP) and the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation brought together physicists, arms control experts, diplomats, and international lawyers from Europe, Russia, South America, China, and the United States for a conference on arms control and security issues in a Europe-Russia framework of common security.
The crises in Iraq and North Korea and the conduct of the United States shaped the context for discussion. Conference presenters gave an overview of key U.S. policies and actions affecting arms control, disarmament, and WMD proliferation. Issues they identified as particularly important included:
1) The U.S. policy of preventive war, including the intention to eliminate threats before they are fully formed;
2) An apparent willingness to act unilaterally, outside the international legal framework;
3) The potential use by the U.S. of nuclear weapons in response to weapons of mass destruction, including chemical and biological weapons;
4) Technology development aimed at making nuclear weapons more useable;
5) Development and deployment of ballistic missile defenses, including likely basing of missile defense components in Europe; and
6) Continuing efforts to develop weapons that operate through or from space= .
Conference participants described the corrosive effects of these policies and actions on existing arms control treaties, particularly the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). They noted that U.S. policies legitimate both the use of force and the possession of nuclear weapons. In addition, states that believe themselves threatened by overwhelming U.S. conventional forces and its doctrine of preventive war may be more likely to expand existing arsenals of missiles and WMD, or to seek to obtain them.
After considering the material at the conference, the sponsoring organizations reached the following conclusions:
For further details contact: -- Nuclear Age Peace Foundation: < > -- International Network of Engineers and Scientists Against Proliferation: < >
Abolition 2000 homepage: http://www.abolition2000.org Grassroots News: http://www.napf.org/abolition2000/news/
European scientific committee: Nuclear weapons and pollution linked to 65 million deaths (Source: The Independent, UK, 31 January 2003)
Pollution from nuclear energy and weapons programmes up to 1989 will account for 65 million deaths, according to the European Committee of Radiation Risk (ECCR), an international body of 30 independent scientists, led by Dr Chris Busby, a member of the British Government's radiation risk committee and adviser to the Ministry of Defence on the use of depleted uranium.
Research published on 30 January claims that previous figures massively underestimate the nuclear industry's impact on human life. The findings prompted immediate calls for the Government to rethink its support for the nuclear industry or share responsibility for millions of deaths worldwide. The report came as on the same day, the European Commission published two new draft directives setting up the first EU-wide standards on nuclear power plant safety, decommissioning and the management of radioactive waste.
The study by ECRR, which was formed in Brussels in 1998, is based on a risk assessment model developed over the last five years, and uses evidence from recent discoveries in radiation biology and from human epidemiology. It found that radioactive releases up to 1989 have caused, or will eventually cause, the death of 65 million people worldwide.
It concludes that the cancer epidemic is a result of pollution from nuclear energy and of exposures to global atmospheric weapons fallout, which peaked in the period 1959-63. The research cites evidence such as the levels of breast cancer in women who were adolescent between 1957 and 1963, when nuclear weapons testing was at its peak.
The ECRR findings challenge the conventional methods of calculating risk of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, which has been criticised as being too close to the nuclear industry.
Mordechai Vanunu nominated for 2003 Nobel Peace Prize (Source: IPB Steering Committee member Fredrik S. Heffermehl, 29 January 2003)
15 Norwegian professors of different faculties have nominated Mordechai Vanunu for the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize, stating, among other things, that "nuclear technician and Honorary Doctor at University of Tromso, Mordechai Vanunu, still in prison in Israel, referring to his unselfish, deeply loyal to his nation, act of conscience and that a prize to Vanunu will emphasize the responsibility of the individual to prevent war and armaments".
See also: " The Case of Mordechai Vannunu. Preeminent Hero of the Nuclear Age " (31 January 03), by Mark Gaffney, an anti-nuclear activist and the author of a pioneering 1989 book about Israel's nuclear weapons program: http://www.counterpunch.org/gaffney01312003.html
"Trust & Verify" No. 105/November-December 2002
The latest issue of "Trust & Verify", published by the London-based "Verification Research, Training and Information Centre (VERTIC)", carries the following:
"Disarmament Diplomacy" No. 68, December 2002/January 2003 http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd68/index.htm
The latest edition of " Disarmament Diplomacy " covers the following:
Latest issue of UNEP's magazine "Our Planet" http://www.ourplanet.com
The theme of the current issue is "Globalization, Poverty, Trade and the Environment". Its contents include:
No new or changed email or web addresses in this issue. All INES e-mail addresses and homepages are available upon request from:
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