WHAT'S NEW IN INES?
Dateline: 15 June 1999
WNII is an electronic information service of INES,
the International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility
Editor: Tobias Damjanov, e-mail: < >
INES homepage: http://www.mindspring.com/~us016262/ines.html
INES International Office < >
INES Chair Prof. Armin Tenner < >
INES Congress 2000
''Challenges for Science and Engineering in the 21st Century''
Stockholm, 14-18 June 2000
NOTE: The web pages have been updated with new design and more material.
INES 2000 Conference Secretariat: mailto:
CONTENTS of WNII No. 24/1999
No new or changed email or web addresses in this issue.
NOTE: All INES e-mail addresses and homepages are available upon request from: < >
Abolition 2000 homepage: http://www.abolition2000.org
For the latest nuclear weapons abolition grassroots news, visit: http://www.napf.org/abolition2000/news/
"Nuclear Weapons in Court" list
From: George Farebrother, Secretary, World Court Project UK
During the Hague Appeal for Peace we held a very rewarding workshop on peoples' experiences in Courts in various countries when they used international law as a defence when acting directly against nuclear weapons. As a result we decided to set up a restricted list server with the aim of bringing this experience together for the mutual benefit of everyone involved. Topics covered will include:
When a topic has been discussed and agreed it will become part of an evolving Web Site. Unless anyone can think of a better name the list server and site will be called "Nuclear Weapons in Court". Other suggestions are welcome. Whether you are an activist, a lawyer, or acting in a supportive role, you might gain from, and be able contribute to, this venture. If so, please let me know by sending an email saying "Please put me on the "Nuclear Weapons in Court" list, with a little information about your involvement in these issues and your postal address. I will immediately mail you back with a more detailed account of the Hague Workshop.
Abolition 2000 Hague Declaration
Call for the New Millennium
The Hague May 1999
For the past half century humanity has been under the threat of annihilation from nuclear weapons. The environment and people's lives and health have been destroyed or adversely affected by the development, testing and use of nuclear weapons. Peace movements around the world have struggled to rid the world of this danger. Under this pressure from informed and mobilised citizens, the nuclear weapons states have promised repeatedly that they will eventually eliminate nuclear weapons and even signed treaties to this effect.
Yet the nuclear weapon states have made no moves towards relinquishing their nuclear weapons. Instead they are continuing with deployment of nuclear weapons and their deterrence policies including an option of first-use of these weapons. They also continue to spend billions of dollars for research, testing, and development of new nuclear weapons.
The threat from these programs diminished at the end of the cold war, but has again increased dramatically as a result of deterioration of the Russian command and control system, the expansion of NATO, war in the Balkans and nuclear proliferation in Asia. It may increase further as the millennium bug affects nuclear weapons systems into the 21st Century.
Confronted by the failure of international diplomacy to rid the world of nuclear weapons, citizens' organizations at the Non Proliferation Treaty Review and Extension Conference in 1995 released a statement calling on countries to implement their disarmament obligations under this treaty by commencing negotiations which would lead to the conclusion of a nuclear weapons abolition convention by the year 2000. Over 1400 organizations have so far endorsed this statement, and comprise the Abolition 2000 network. This international movement has gained strength from the ruling by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in 1996 that the threat or use of nuclear weapons is generally illegal and that there is an obligation to conclude negotiations on complete nuclear disarmament. The United Nations General Assembly and the European Parliament have both adopted resolutions calling for the implementation of the ICJ's decision through negotiations on a nuclear weapons convention. Public opinion polls show over 80% support for a nuclear weapons convention in most NATO countries and nuclear weapon states, including the United States and United Kingdom. A Model Nuclear Weapons Convention, demonstrating the feasibility of nuclear abolition, has now been circulated by the United Nations.
In May 1999, 8000 people joined together in the Hague to launch the Hague Appeal for Peace (HAP), a new agenda for peace and justice for the new century. Abolition 2000, which held its annual meeting at the 1999 HAP Conference, makes an urgent call for all people to act to reduce and eliminate the nuclear threat by:
The dawn of the new millennium should be the time to take bold steps toward achieving a nuclear weapons free world. We urge everyone to help us do this.
For more information contact Abolition 2000, http://www.abolition2000.org
International Appeal Opposing US & French Explosive Nuclear Fusion Programs
NOTE: Also available in French [ mailto: ]
We, the undersigned, state that:
France and the United States both have programs to develop high energy lasers to achieve explosive nuclear fusion, the National Ignition Facility (US) and Megajoule (France).
The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is currently under construction in the US, and Megajoule's funding will be approved by the French parliament in the fall of 1999.
The goals of NIF and Megajoule include achieving laboratory thermonuclear explosions and maintaining the two nations' respective nuclear weapons capabilities.
Both France and the US have signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
NIF and Megajoule clearly violate the CTBT that commits the US and France "not to carry out any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion." Further, these programs are proliferation provocative by encouraging other nations to carry out similar activities.
Additionally, since the achievement of a CTBT was an explicit decision made in the context of the 1995 extension of the NPT, any activities which violate the CTBT should also be seen as violating the commitments made under the NPT.
THEREFORE, we urge the United States and France to respect their commitments to the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty by discontinuing the National Ignition Facility and Megajoule, and immediately declaring a moratorium on all such programs.
Please return completed appeals to:
Nuclear Abolition Calendar
(Provided by the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation)
Citizens' Nuclear Information Center
Jinzaburo Takagi < > would like to inform INES that the URL of the Citizens' Nuclear Information Center (Tokyo) has been slightly changed to: http://www.jca.apc.org/cnic/
CONFERENCES, MEETINGS, SEMINARS
Events listed here are being published only once due to limited space.
Changes, however, will be taken into account (marked with ''UPDATE'')
UPDATE: United Youth Conference
Theme: Developing an integrative strategy for unifying the youth movement and giving young people an effective international voice
For more details, mailto: http://www.oneday.org
World Congress on Philosophy of Law & Social Philosophy
For more details, goto: http://www.law.pace.edu/IVR
International Conference on Biotechnology in the Global Economy
The conference will address the implications of biotechnology for:
For more details, mailto:
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